Law No. 103.13 on Combating Violence against Women is part of Morocco's efforts to deal with violence against women, and its various aspects and forms, which has become widely spread within Moroccan society. The Ministry of the Family, Solidarity, Equality and Social Development, in partnership with the Ministry of Justice, put into operation the law 103-13, with a focus on enriching it with various views and recommendations from different actors and participants. The law 103-13 was formerly approved by the parliament on July 20, 2016, and presented to the House of Counselors. It was submitted on August 2, 2016, and began to be discussed on 31October 2017, pending the completion of its ratification process.
The law project aims to provide effective protection measures and appropriate conditions for accommodating women victims of violence. It serves to create institutional and integrated care mechanisms that ensure compliance with specific rules; and it assures a proper follow-up, a proper guidance and an access to various services that are available. The law ensures that the interventions are quick and efficient for stakeholders who are involved in the act of applying the law. This enables Morocco to implement a clear and coherent normative legal text which assures the minimum standards and legal protections for women victims of violence.
The most important contents of this law project are:
- By defining the concept of violence and its various forms, the law defines a specific and precise conceptual framework that would help the people in charge of assisting women, who are subject to violence, to identify and categorize the actions and behaviors of violence against women.
- Creating organizations and instruments that ensure care for women and children victims of violence.
- Adopting institutional methodologies and frameworks that would help in the process of coordination among the various stakeholders involved in the field of protecting women and combating violence against women, such as the judiciary, the police, the royal gendarmerie, other concerned government sectors, etc….
- Criminalization of certain acts as violence that harms women, such as preventing the expelled wife, from the marital house, to return home, forced marriages, violating the sanctity of the women's body, wasting family funds deceitfully, etc.…
- Criminalizing certain attitudes and considering them as types of sexual harassment, and penalties are tightened when considering certain circumstances and certain people perpetrating the sexual harassment act , such as family or relatives, a colleague, a person charged by the government to apply the law, etc.….
- The tightening of penalties for certain acts against women, taking into consideration some particular cases, such as violence against a pregnant woman, against a wife or a divorced woman, and violence in the presence of children or parents.
- Adopt new measures of protection, such as setting apart and warning the aggressive husband, in a case of violence occurrence with a pledge or a promise that assures a refraining from any domestic violence, taking back the child and his sitter home, and prevent approaching the victim or getting close to her residence.
- Insisting on immediate intervention while taking protective measures, with penalties for breach.